12. Shaughnessy, C.I., Sconyers, D.J., Kerr, T.A., Lee, H.-J., Subramaniam, B.,* Leonard, K.C.,* and Blakemore, J.D.* submitted

11. Moore, W.N.G., Henke, W.C., Lionetti, D., Day, V.W., and Blakemore, J.D.* submitted

10. Boyd, E.A., Lionetti, D., Henke, W.C., Day, V.W., and Blakemore, J.D.* in revision

9. Lionetti, D., Day, V.W., Lassalle-Kaiser, B.,* and Blakemore, J.D.,* Multiple Binding Modes of an Unconjugated Bis(pyridine) Ligand Stabilize Low-Valent [Cp*Rh] Complexes, Chem. Commun., 2018, 54, 1694-1697, doi: 10.1039/C7CC09164H
*** Selected to be featured on the journal cover! doi: 10.1039/C8CC90069H ***

8. Kumar, A., Lionetti, D., Day, V.W., and Blakemore, J.D.,* Trivalent Lewis Acidic Cations Govern the Electronic Properties and Stability of Heterobimetallic Complexes of Nickel, Chem. Eur. J., 2018, 24, 141-149,  doi: 10.1002/chem.201704006
     *** Chosen as a "Hot Paper" by the Editors for its importance in the rapidly evolving field of Lewis Acid-modulated redox chemistry. ***
     *** Selected to be featured on the Journal cover! doi: 10.1002/chem.201705512 ***

7. Henke, W.C., Lionetti, D., Moore, W.N.G., Hopkins, J.A., Day, V.W., and Blakemore, J.D.,* Ligand Substituents Govern the Efficiency and Mechanistic Path of Hydrogen Production with [Cp*Rh] Catalysts, ChemSusChem, 2017, 10, 4589-4598, doi: 10.1002/cssc.201701416
     *** Invited contribution for special issue "Artificial Photosynthesis for Sustainable Fuels" ***

6. Lionetti, D., Day, V.W., and Blakemore, J.D.,* Noncovalent immobilization and surface characterization of lanthanide complexes on carbon electrodes, Dalton Trans., 2017, 46, 11779-11789, doi: 10.1039/C7DT02577G

5. Johnson, S.I., Gray, H.B., Blakemore, J.D.,* and Goddard, W.A.,* Role of Ligand Protonation in Dihydrogen Evolution from a Pentamethylcyclopentadienyl Rhodium Catalyst, Inorg. Chem., 2017, 56, 11375-11386, doi: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.7b01698

4. Peng, Y., Ramos-Garcés, M.V., Lionetti, D., and Blakemore, J.D.,* Structural and Electrochemical Consequences of [Cp*] Ligand Protonation, Inorg. Chem., 2017, 56, 10824-10831, doi: 10.1021/acs.inorgchem.7b01895

3. Lionetti, D., Day, V.W., and Blakemore, J.D.,* Synthesis and Electrochemical Properties of Half-Sandwich Rhodium and Iridium Methyl Complexes, Organometallics, 2017, 36, 1897-1905, doi: 10.1021/acs.organomet.7b00136

2. Sconyers, D.J. and Blakemore, J.D.,* Distinguishing between homogeneous and heterogeneous hydrogen-evolution catalysis with molecular cobalt complexes, Chem. Commun., 2017, 53, 7286-7289, doi: 10.1039/C7CC02188G
      *** Invited contribution for special issue: Emerging Investigators 2017 ***
      *** Contributor profiles for the special issue ***

1. Aguirre Quintana, L., Johnson, S.I., Corona, S.L., Villatoro, W., Goddard, W.A., III, Takase, M.K., VanderVelde, D.G., Winkler, J.R.,* Gray, H.B.,* Blakemore, J.D.*, Proton-Hydride Tautomerism in Hydrogen Evolution Catalysis, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2016, 113, 6409-6414, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1606018113
      *** Highlighted in Chemical and Engineering News on 13-June-2016:
      “Chemists announce the end of the innocence for cyclopentadienyl.” Link ***
      *** Highlighted by CEBC at KU on 21-November-2016. Link ***

36. Huang, D.L., Vinyard, D.L., Blakemore, J. D., Hashmi, S.M., Crabtree, R.H., Cp* versus Bis-carbonyl Iridium Precursors as CH Oxidation Precatalysts, Organometallics, 2016, 36, 199-206, doi: 10.1021/acs.organomet.6b00525

35. McNicholas, B.J., Blakemore, J.D., Chang, A.B., Bates, C.M., Kramer, W.W., Grubbs, R.H., Gray, H.B., ​Electrocatalysis of CO2 Reduction in Brush Polymer Ion Gels, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2016, 138, 11160-11163, doi: 10.1021/jacs.6b08795

34. Gupta, A., Blakemore, J.D., Brunschwig, B.S., Gray, H.B. Immobilization and Electrochemical Properties of Ruthenium and Iridium Complexes on Carbon Electrodes, J. Phys. Condensed Matter,​ 2016, 28, 1-7 doi: 10.1088/0953-8984/28/9/094002
      *** Special Issue on “Molecular Functionalization of Surfaces for Device Applications” ***

33. Blakemore, J.D., Crabtree, R.H., Brudvig, G.W. Molecular Catalysts for Water Oxidation, Chem. Rev., 2015, 115, 12974-13005, doi: 10.1021/acs.chemrev.5b00122
      *** Listed as a ‘Hot Paper’ by Web of Science (Thomson Reuters) for January/February 2016. ***
      *** Thematic Special Issue on “Solar Energy Conversion” ***

32. Laga, S.M., Blakemore, J.D., Henling, L.M., Brunschwig, B.S., Gray, H.B. Catalysis of Proton Reduction with a [BO4]-bridged Dicobalt Glyoxime, Inorg. Chem., 2014, 53, 12668-12670, doi: 10.1021/ic501804h

31. Hunter, B.M., Blakemore, J.D., Deimund, M., Gray, H.B., Winkler, J.R. Mueller, A.M. Highly Active Mixed-Metal Nanosheet Water Oxidation Catalysts Made by Pulsed-Laser Ablation in Liquids, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2014, 136, 13118-13121, doi: 10.1021/ja506087h

30. Lattimer, J.R.C.,# Blakemore, J.D.,# Sattler, W., Gul, S., Chatterjee, R., Yachandra, V., Yano, J., Brunschwig, B.S., Lewis, N.S., Gray, H.B., Assembly, Characterization, and Electrochemical Properties of Immobilized Metal Bipyridyl Complexes on Silicon(111) Surfaces, Dalton Trans., 2014, 43, 15004-15012, doi: 10.1039/C4DT01149J
      *** Special Issue on “Inorganic Chemistry for Renewable Energy Conversion and Storage” ***

29. Blakemore, J.D., Hernandez, E.S., Sattler, W., Hunter, B.M., Brunschwig, B.S., Gray, H.B. Pentamethylcyclopentadienyl Rhodium Complexes, Polyhedron, 2014, 84, 14-18, doi: 10.1016/j.poly.2014.05.022
      *** Special Issue in Honor of John Bercaw (on the occasion of his seventieth birthday) ***

28. McKone, J.R., Ardo, S.A., Blakemore, J.D., Bracher, P.J., Dempsey, J.L., Darnton, T.V., Harmon, W.H., Rose, M.J., Walter, M.G., Dasgupta, S., Winkler, J.R., Gray, H.B. The Solar Army: A Case Study in Science Outreach Based on Solar Photochemistry, Reviews in Advanced Sciences and Engineering, 2014, 3, 288-303, doi: 10.1166/rase.2014.1076

27. Huang, J., Blakemore, J.D., Fazi, D., Kokhan, O., Schley, N.D., Crabtree, R.H., Brudvig, G.W., Tiede, D.M. Domain Structure for an Amorphous Iridium-oxide Water-Oxidation Catalyst Resolved by X-ray Pair Distribution Function Analysis, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2014, 16, 1814-1819, doi: 10.1039/C3CP54878C
      *** Featured as a “Hot Article” by PCCP ***

26. Blakemore, J.D., Gupta, A., Warren, J.J., Brunschwig, B.S., Gray, H.B. Noncovalent Immobilization of Electrocatalysts for Fuel Production on Carbon Electrodes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2013, 135, 18288-18291, doi: 10.1021/ja4099609

25. Blakemore, J.D., Gray, H.B., Winkler, J.R., Mueller, A.M. Co3O4 Nanoparticles Water-Oxidation Catalysts Made by Pulsed-Laser Ablation in Liquids, ACS Catalysis, 2013, 3, 2497-2500, doi: 10.1021/cs400639b

24.  Sattler, W., Ener, M.E., Blakemore, J.D., Rachford, A.A., Labeaume, P.J., Thackeray, J.W., Cameron, J.F., Winkler, J.R., Gray, H.B. Generation of Powerful Tungsten Reductants by Visible Light Excitation, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2013, 135, 10614-10617, doi: 10.1021/ja4047119

23.  Blakemore, J.D., Mara, M.W., Kushner-Lenhoff, M.N., Schley, N.D., Konezny, S.J., Rivalta, I., Negre, C.F.A., Snoeberger, R.C., Huang, J., Kokhan, O., Stickrath, A., Tran, L.A., Parr, M.L., Chen, L.X., Tiede, D.M., Batista, V.S., Brudvig, G.W., Crabtree, R.H. Characterization of an Amorphous Iridium Water‑Oxidation Catalyst Electrodeposited from Organometallic Precursors, Inorg. Chem. 2013, 52, 1860-1871, doi: 10.1021/ic301968j

22.  Kushner-Lenhoff, M., Blakemore, J.D., Schley, N.D., Crabtree, R.H., Brudvig, G.W. Effects of Aqueous Buffers on Electrocatalytic Water Oxidation with an Iridium Oxide Material Electrodeposited in Thin Layers from an Organometallic Precursor, Dalton Trans. 2013, 42, 3616-3622, doi: 10.1039/c2dt32326e

21. Graeupner, J., Brewster, T.P., Blakemore, J.D., Schley, N.D., Thomsen, J.M., Brudvig, G.W., Hazari, N., Crabtree, R.H. Preparation of Electron-Rich CpIr(biphenyl-2,2’-diyl) Complexes with π-Accepting Carbon Donor Ligands, Organometallics, 2012, 31, 7158–716, doi: 10.1021/om300696t

20.  Luca, O.R., Blakemore, J.D., Praetorius, J.M., Schmeier, T.J., Hunsinger, G.B., Brudvig, G.W., Hazari, N., Crabtree, R.H. Organometallic Ni Pincer Complexes for the Electrocatalytic Production of Hydrogen, Inorg. Chem., 2012, 51, 8704-8709, doi: 10.1021/ic300009a

19.  Blakemore, J.D., Schley, N.D., Kushner-Lenhoff, M.N., Winter, A.M., D'Souza, F., Crabtree, R.H., Brudvig, G.W. A Comparison of Amorphous Iridium Water-Oxidation Catalysts Prepared from Soluble Precursors, Inorg. Chem., 2012, 51, 7749-7763, doi: 10.1021/ic300764f

18.  Blakemore, J.D., Hull, J.F., Crabtree, R.H., Brudvig, G.W. Aqueous Speciation and Electrochemical Properties of a Water-Soluble Manganese Phthalocyanine, Dalton Trans., 2012, 41, 7681-7688, doi: 10.1039/c2dt30371j

17.  Vagnini, M.T., Smeigh, A.L., Blakemore, J.D., Eaton, S.W., Schley, N.D., D'Souza, F., Crabtree, R.H., Brudvig, G.W., Co, D.T., Wasielewski, M.R. Ultrafast Photodriven Intramolecular Electron Transfer to Perylene Diimide Derivatives from an Iridium-Based Water-Oxidation Catalyst, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2012, 109, 15651-15656, doi: 10.1073/pnas.1202075109

16.  Luca, O.R., Konezny, S.J., Blakemore, J.D., Colosi, D.M., Saha, S., Brudvig, G.W., Batista, V.S., Crabtree, R.H. A Tridentate Nickel Pincer for Aqueous Electrocatalytic Hydrogen Production, New J. Chem., 2012, 36, 1149-1152, doi: 10.1039/c2nj20912h

15.  Smith, D.C., Blakemore, J.D. Glassware for Making and Measuring Oxygen Gas, Fusion: The Journal of the American Scientific Glassblowers Society, 2012, 51 (2), 21-27. [PDF]

14.  Moore, G.F., Konezny, S.J., Song, H., Milot, R.L., Blakemore, J.D., Lee, M.L., Batista, V.S., Schmuttenmaer, C.A., Crabtree, R.H., Brudvig, G.W. Bioinspired High-Potential Porphyrin Photoanodes, J. Phys. Chem. C, 2012, 116, 4892-4902, doi: 10.1021/jp210096m

13.  Parent, A.R., Blakemore, J.D., Brudvig, G.W., Crabtree, R.H. Wilkinson’s Iridium Acetate Trimer as a Water-Oxidation Catalyst, Chem. Commun., 2011, 47, 11745-11747, doi: 10.1039/c1cc15501f

12. Schley, N.D., Blakemore, J.D., Subbaiyan, N.K., Incarvito, C.D., D'Souza, F., Crabtree, R.H., Brudvig, G.W. Distinguishing Homogeneous from Heterogeneous Catalysis in Electrode-Driven Water Oxidation with Molecular Iridium Complexes, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2011, 133, 10473-10481, doi: 10.1021/ja2004522
      *** Our work was featured in a commentary by Tom Meyer of UNC Chapel Hill.  See:
           Meyer, T.J. Oxidizing water two ways, Nature Chemistry, 2011, 3, 757-758, doi: 10.1038/nchem.1161 ***

11. Moore, G.F., Blakemore, J.D., Milot, R.L, Hull, J.F., Song, H., Cai, L., Schmuttenmaer, C.A., Crabtree, R.H., Brudvig, G.W. A Visible Light Water-Splitting Cell with a Photoanode formed by Codeposition of a High-Potential Porphyrin and an Iridium Water-Oxidation Catalyst, Energy Environ. Sci., 2011, 4, 2389-2392, doi: 10.1039/c1ee01037a

10. Brewster, T.P., Blakemore, J.D., Schley, N.D., Incarvito, C.D., Hazari, N., Brudvig, G.W., Crabtree, R.H. An Iridium(IV) Species, [Cp*Ir(NHC)Cl]+, Related to a Water-Oxidation Catalyst, Organometallics, 2011, 30, 965-973, doi: 10.1021/om101016s
      *** This paper was among the top ten most-read articles of the full-year 2011 in Organometallics, according to ACS Publications. ***

9. Blakemore, J.D., Schley, N.D., Olack, G.W., Incarvito C.D., Brudvig, G.W., Crabtree, R.H. Anodic Deposition of a Robust Iridium Water-Oxidation Catalyst from Organometallic Precursors, Chemical Science, 2011, 2, 94-98, doi: 10.1039/C0SC00418A

8. Marino, N., Fazen, C.H., Blakemore, J.D., Incarvito, C.D., Hazari, N., Doyle, R.P. Isostructural Pd(II) and Pt(II) Pyrophosphato Complexes: Polymorphism and Unusual Bond character in d8-d8 systems, Inorg. Chem., 2011, 50, 2507-2520, doi: 10.1021/ic1023373

7. Blakemore, J.D., Chalkley, M.J., Farnaby, J.H., Guard, L.M., Hazari, N., Incarvito, C.D., Luzik, E.D., Jr., Suh, H.W. New Bidentate Trans-Chelating N-Heterocyclic Carbene Ligands for Palladium, Organometallics, 2011, 30, 1818-1829, doi: 10.1021/om100890q

6. Blakemore, J.D., Schley, N.D., Balcells, D., Hull, J.F., Olack, G.W., Incarvito, C.D., Eisenstein, O., Brudvig, G.W.,* Crabtree, R.H.* Half-Sandwich Iridium Complexes for Homogeneous Water-Oxidation Catalysis, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2010, 132, 16017-16029, doi: 10.1021/ja104775j

5. Wijesinghe, C.A., El-Khouly, M.E., Blakemore, J.D., Zandler, M.E., Fukuzumi, S., D'Souza, F. Charge Stabilization in a Closely Spaced Ferrocene-Boron Dipyrrin-Fullerene Triad, Chem. Commun., 2010, 46, 3301-3303, doi: 10.1039/c000565g

4. Hull, J.F., Balcells, D., Blakemore, J.D., Incarvito, C.D., Eisenstein, O., Crabtree, R.H., Brudvig, G.W. Highly Active and Robust Cp* Iridium Complexes for Catalytic Water Oxidation, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2009, 131, 8730-8731, doi: 10.1021/ja901270f

3. Balcells, D., Moles, P., Blakemore, J.D., Raynaud, C., Brudvig, G.W., Crabtree, R.H., Eisenstein, O. Molecular Recognition in Mn-Catalyzed C-H Oxidation: Reaction Mechanism and Origin of Selectivity from a DFT Perspective, Dalton Trans., 2009, 30, 5989-6000, doi: 10.1039/b905317d

2. Li, G., Sproviero, E.M., Snoeberger, R.C., III, Iguchi, N., Blakemore, J.D., Crabtree, R.H., Brudvig, G.W., Batista, V.S. Deposition of an Oxomanganese Water Oxidation Catalyst on TiO2 Nanoparticles: Computational Modeling, Assembly and Characterization, Energy Environ. Sci., 2009, 2, 230-238, doi: 10.1039/b818708h

1. Blakemore, J.D., Chitta, R., D'Souza, F. Synthesis and Study of Crown Ether-Appended Boron Dipyrrin Chemosensors for Cation Detection, Tet. Lett. 2007, 48, 1977-1982, doi: 10.1016/j.tetlet.2007.01.067

Recent News

27 April 2018 – Congratulations to our postdoc Dr. Davide Lionetti who has been named the recipient of a 2018 Sustainability Leadership Award at KU. Davide was recognized for his outstanding scholarship that is contributing to reducing carbon dioxide emissions, and his mentoring of students in lab techniques, presentation skills, and understanding of chemistry. Congratulations on this most deserved honor, Davide!

18 April 2018 – James presents a public outreach talk on "Artificial Photosynthesis" at Free State Brewery as part of their "Science On Tap" series. A lively crowd full of chemists and non-chemists alike was there to enjoy some sustainability science in an informal setting. Thanks to Jen Humphrey for the opportunity to present in this exciting forum!

28 March 2018 – James serves as a discussion panelist during the symposium "Big Botany" at the KU Spencer Museum of Art. The symposium, timed with the opening of the Big Botany art exhibition and featured by the Washington Post, was themed on the critical role plants play on earth. James spoke about our group's work in artificial photosynthesis, inspired by plants. Other panelists included artists Ackroyd and Harvey (based in the UK) and Rohini Devasher (based in Delhi, India). Thanks to Senior Curator Steve Goddard for the invitation to join this important dialogue!

Funding Sources

Our work is supported by the US National Science Foundation and the University of Kansas: